Acne is an inflammatory skin disorder that lasts for a long time and manifests as pimples and other spots, most commonly on the face, or the area of shoulders, back, or the neck, chest, and at the upper arms.
Whiteheads, or blackheads, pimples, severe cysts, and nodules are few of the basic types of acne. Up to 50 million Americans suffer from it every year, making it the most prevalent skin condition in the country.
It most commonly occurs around puberty, when sebaceous gland activity increases, but it can manifest at any age. Scarring can occur, although it poses no health risk.
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What are the main causes of acne?
Pores in human skin open to oil glands beneath. Connections between the pores and the glands are available via follicles. Follicles are tiny sacs that secrete a liquid.
Sebum, a thick, oily fluid, is originating by the glands. Dead skin cells are bringing up the skin’s surface by sebum via the hair follicles. The follicle is the opening through which a hair follicle grows.
Propionibacterium acnes are the name for the bacteria that thrive on the skin and are among the main causes of acne.
The severity and frequency of acne flare-ups are affecting by the specific bacteria that cause them. The microorganisms that cause acne do not all behave in the same way. One variety aids in preventing acne.
Different types of acne and skin type
Pimples caused by acne range in size, color, and severity. A few basic acne and skin type are below:
- Whiteheads: These are small, superficial bumps that don’t break the skin. Dark color and being visible on the skin’s surface make blackheads easy to spot.
- Papules: are tiny round shape of bumps that appear on the skin’s surface and are often pink. Acne blemishes are easily visible on the skin. They’re crimson at the bottom and filled with pus at the top.
- Surface nodules: These are visible lumps on the skin. It’s easy to spot a cyst on the skin if you have one. The lumps are deep within the skin, big, firm, and painful. They’re painful and oozing pus. Cysts can leave permanent scars if they rupture.
Simple tips to follow for acne-prone skin routine
The following are some suggestions for the proper acne prone skin routine:
- No more than twice daily; wash your face with warm water and moderate acne soap.
- Don’t exfoliate or pop your pimples; doing so might hence drive the infection deeper into the skin, leading to further blockage, as well as redness, and swelling.
- Don’t squeeze your zits because it can cause scars.
- If you need your zit to go rapidly for cosmetic reasons, a dermatologist can help.
- If you can help it, refrain from touching your face.
- Keep the phone away from your ear and your face while you converse on it, as it may contain oil and dead skin from your face.
- To prevent the buildup of oil and debris from your skin, you need regularly clean your glasses.
- Use an electric razor or a sharp safety razor when shaving. Use warm soapy water to hence soften the skin and beard before applying shaving cream.
- Avoid prolonged sun exposure. This exposure has been hence linked to an increase in sebum production. Taking certain acne medications can hence increase your risk of sunburn.
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Treatments available for the prevention of acne
Benzoyl peroxide, sold under the trade names Clearasil®, Stridex®, and PanOxyl® are among best acne prone skin treatment options. They are available as without a prescription as a leave-on gel or wash. Acne-inducing microorganisms on the skin’s surface are often reduce to a higher level.
Low concentrations and switching up your wash routine can hence help reduce irritation to your skin. Irritation is one of the most common adverse effects (dryness).
The acne-fighting salicylic acid can be accessible in several OTC washes and lotions. It aids in the removal of superficial skin damage.
The effectiveness of antibiotics is a lot improved when you combine it with benzoyl peroxide. And the topical gel Dapzone (Aczone®) can be hence best to use to treat acne that has become red and inflamed. It can also prevent the growth of microorganisms. It should be applicable to the skin twice daily.
To give your skin complete freedom from acne and pimples, make sure you do follow the tips we did share with you above. In case if still, the spots are constantly appearing, get in touch with a dermatologist and opt for better and long-lasting treatments.